Jungle Safari in Nepal is gaining popularity among national and international tourists as the jungles in low lands of Terai Region inhabit different species of mammals, reptiles and birds. The jungles of this Himalayan nation stretch more than thousand square miles protecting some endangered species like Royal Bengal Tigers and One-Horned Rhinos that are in verge of extinction from world.
For the survival of this green planet Nepal always advocated in favour of co-existence. Due to this reason several parks and wildlife reserves are developed in different parts of the country among which Chitwan National Park is recognized as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The specialty of jungle safari in Nepal is that it reveals three dimensions of jungle—jungle, jungle people and inhabitants of jungle. The forests here are dense which at least inhabit 53 species of mammals. The jungle is regarded as Tiger Conservation Unit. Native people living near by the jungle especially, Tharu consider themselves as jungle people.
Moreover, the forest is true destination for some migrant bird like Ruddy Shell Duck that fly from Siberia to skip chilling winter of Russia. Including migratory birds, the site shelters more than 500 species of birds and more than 23 species of reptiles.
According to sources, there are all total of 10 national parks in the country which in combined cover around 11,000 square kilometer area of Nepal. They are:
· Chitwan National Park – 932 Sq. km (360 sq mi)
· Sagarmatha National Park – 1,148 Sq. km (443 sq mi)
· Langtang National Park – 1,710 Sq. km (660 sq mi)
· Rara National Park – 106 Sq. km (41 sq mi)
· Khaptad National Park – 225 Sq. km (87 sq mi)
· Shey Phoksundo National Park – 3,555 Sq. km (1,373 sq mi)
· Bardiya National Park – 968 Sq. km (374 sq mi)
· Makalu Barun National Park – 1,500 Sq. km (580 sq mi)
· Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park – 159 Sq. km (61 sq mi)
· Banke National Park – 550 Sq. km (210 sq mi)
The number of wildlife reserves in the country are three and they cover more than 1100 square kilometer of the total area. They are:
· Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve – 175 Sq. km (68 sq mi)
· Parsa Wildlife Reserve – 637 Sq. km (246 sq mi)
· Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve – 305 Sq. km (118 sq mi)
Similarly, there are six conservation areas:
· Annapurna Conservation Area – 7,629 km2 (2,946 sq mi)
· Kanchenjunga Conservation Area – 2,035 km2 (786 sq mi)
· Manaslu Conservation Area – 1,663 km2 (642 sq mi)
· Blackbuck Conservation Area – 15.95 km2 (6.16 sq mi)
· Api Nampa Conservation Area – 1,903 km2 (735 sq mi)
· Gaurishankar Conservation Area – 2,179 km2 (841 sq mi)
Furthermore, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is a popular hunting reserve of the country. It covers 1,325 sq. km approx.
SO far 1,120 and 5,160 species of nonflowering and flowering plants, respectively are identified in Nepal by botanists.
As per zoologist, there are 181 species mammals, more than 900 species of birds, 100 reptiles, 43 species of amphibians and 185 species of fishes. More than 650 species of butterflies are also recorded in Nepal so far.
Similarly, Nepal inhabits more than 200 Royal Bengal Tigers, 600 one horned rhino and more than 250 species of sloth bear. Due to these reasons Nepal is the prime destination for Jungle Safari.